MEAN GLOBAL TEMPERATURE & ATMOSPHERIC CO2 CHARTS
FOR ALL OF GEOLOGICAL TIME
Published and referenced global temperature and atmospheric CO2 charts are presented for all of geological time. Some of this data goes back forty years, and has largely been unacknowledged or un-acounted for by climate scientists. The data indicates that outside a small number of relatively-short-lived ice-age events, the Earth's climate has been consistently 2-3 degrees warmer than at present, held there right up to very recent times by the sun's remarkably constant thermal output and a very stable, steady-state, dynamic earth-sun thermal equilibrium. All indications are that the earth will slowly return to these slightly warmer conditions as this thermal equilibrium readjusts after fully emerging from the Pleistocene glaciation event.
The Earth's atmospheric CO2 history depicted in the first chart indicates a progressive and massive reduction in CO2 (some 85% absolute reduction) up until the present and that there is no consistent association between atmospheric CO2 levels and mean global temperature. During the 85% CO2 reduction mean global temperatures have remained consistently at around 20 degrees outside the 4-5 short glaciation episodes. This is powerful evidence suggesting there is no correlation what-so-ever of CO2 and mean global temperatures.
The last 15 inter-glacial episodes
The chart below presented he last 15 inter-glacial episode (labelled 1-15). Note that from 11,000 ya the chart has a significantly enlarged time scale. There seems little significant difference in the climate behaviour across the 15 inter-glacial episode, with the maximum temperatures for each little different from what is being experience today. This suggests that the current warming will probably follow a similar pattern.
One significant difference is in the atmospheric CO2 behaviour in the present warming event (represented at the location marked "Present" below), where it extends to higher levels than for the other peaks (seen in earlier CO2 charts), reflecting the man-made (industrial), contribution, not experience in previous warming episodes.
The Last Million Years of Global Temperature Variations
Temperatures recorded over the last million years, 10,000 years and 1,000 years are depicted in the chart below. The dashed line represents temperature conditions near the beginning of the 20th Century. Every portion of these graphs above this dashed line represents periods of time prior to the present that were warmer than at present, when atmospheric CO2 level were lower than at president, but temperatures were warmer than at present. These are periods within recent human history that we and human civilization all survived.
There is no atmospheric CO2 control over global temperature apparent in the geological or climate record. Atmospheric CO2 is minor (down to 400 ppm from several thousand ppm, dangerously low for vegetation health and development and declining as it is inevitably captured to form limestone - which is 44 wt % CO2 ). The 400 ppm in the atmosphere is all that existing and future life on Earth has to draw on to support and maintain itself. CO2 is life affirming, and essential ingredient for all life and although decreasing in the long-run, fortunately harmless CO2 can be increased and replenished in the atmosphere relatively easily by burning fossil fuels.
The Greenland ICE Sheet Ice Core Studies
The interesting features of these charts based on ice core studies over the last 10,000 years on the Greenland Ice Sheet, is the regularity of the the warming episodes. Every 1000 years each lasting 200-300 years, with around 2-3 degrees temperature shift up and down, with warming and cooling rates of around 1 degree/100 years (he same rate as presently estimated for the current warming. In the last 3000 years there has been an overall decline in temperatures. The CO2 data shows no correlation with temperature, and CO2 increasing over time since 7000 year before present.
This appears to show a 1000 year cyclical regularity in climate. Perhaps there exit a 24 hour daily temperature cycle, a 365 day yearly cycle, and a 1000 year cycle that has not previously been recognized.
The lower diagram in this series reveals a bizarre relationship between ice core data from the north and south polar regions. The Greenland and Vostok (Antarctic) data are often the opposite of each other with one showing cooling while the other shows warming. What is happening here? Surely if CO2 is the driver, the CO2 levels should be the same world wide, and the temperature patterns should be the same in both hemispheres and at both poles. This would suggest a strong argument against the CO2-climate driver argument.